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All you want to know about a molar pregnancy

 

All you want to know about a molar pregnancy

It starts naturally and then ends with a nightmare ... All you want to know about a molar pregnancy

It begins with normal symptoms of pregnancy, nausea, fatigue, and a positive home examination, everything is fine, but after several weeks, strong pain appears and perhaps bleeding accompanied by severe nausea, so it turns out that the pregnancy was not a fetus.

 

It is important for women with a molar pregnancy to be evaluated periodically after the problem / Istock has been treated

It begins with normal symptoms of pregnancy, nausea, fatigue, and a positive home examination, everything is fine, but after several weeks, strong pain and possibly bleeding accompanied by severe nausea appears, to show that the pregnancy was not a fetus, but something else entirely, it is a molar pregnancy.

What is a molar pregnancy?

A molar pregnancy is a non-cancerous tumor and an abnormal growth inside the womb. The placenta develops and divides into a group of sacs or cysts, and of course, no fetus is produced.

In a complete molar pregnancy, the tissues of the placenta are not healthy, of course, while some of the tissues of the placenta are intact, while the tissues of the fetus are not healthy, so a live fetus is not formed.

the reasons

After the sperm fertilizes the egg, new tissues develop that usually form the embryo and placenta.

 

A molar pregnancy, also known as gestational trophoblastic tumor, occurs when the tissue that was supposed to form the placenta grows abnormally and can form a tumor that can spread outside the uterus or uterus.

As mentioned earlier, it is divided into two types:

In a "complete mole" no normal fetal tissue forms.

In a "partial mole", the incomplete fetal tissue develops alongside the tissue of the placenta. These two conditions are not cancerous (benign), and they constitute 80% of cases.

3 malignant forms of gestational trophoblastic disease occur, including gas molar pregnancy, chorionic carcinoma and placental trophoblastic tumors.

You can treat all cases of pregnancy cluster almost, even the type of cancerous ones, according to the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Harvard .

But a more aggressive tumor associated with molar pregnancy is the invasive mole, also called choroidoma, according to Healthline .

An invasive mole contains many villi, but they may grow within or through the muscular layer of the uterine wall.

In some rare cases, invasive moles can cause bleeding by perforating the uterus through its entire thickness. In 15% of cases, the invading mole can spread to the tissues outside the womb.

Pregnancy tissue can develop into a cancer called placental carcinoma, although this is rare, and 50% of choroidal tumors form during a molar pregnancy.

Others form during a tubal pregnancy, miscarriage, or even a healthy pregnancy.

Symptoms of a molar pregnancy

Abdominal swelling caused by an enlarged uterus, which occurs more quickly than expected in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Excessive vomiting during pregnancy.

Fatigue, often caused by anemia, caused by heavy bleeding.

Sudden severe abdominal pain caused by internal bleeding.

Pelvic cramping or vaginal discharge.

Shortness of breath, coughing, or blood in the secretions from the cough, because placental cancer rarely spreads to the lungs before it is diagnosed.

high blood pressure.

Ovarian cysts.

Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester.

treatment

 

A molar pregnancy does not turn into a healthy pregnancy, so doctors rush to remove it from the womb through an operation. The duration of the operation lasts for about 15 minutes or half an hour.


The operation is done through the vagina and not by the incision of the abdomen, and then the doctor monitors the level of pregnancy hormones, to make sure that the veins are completely removed.

 

The doctor may advise against pregnancy for a period of 6 months to a year, to ensure that any rise in the pregnancy hormone will not result from the development of hydatid tissues again.

 

Some older women may have to remove the entire uterus to prevent recurrence of these tumors.

If the tumor is cancerous, it is treated with radiation, chemotherapy and drugs targeting these tissues, according to the case.

protection

The best way to prevent complications from an invasive mole or placental cancer is to receive routine prenatal care, by a qualified healthcare professional, so that problems can be identified as soon as possible.

Does pregnancy occur naturally after treatment?

It is important for women with a molar pregnancy to be evaluated periodically after the problem has been addressed.

 Women are advised not to try to conceive for some time, to ensure HCG levels remain at zero and therefore no further treatment is required.

While there is still a risk of a molar pregnancy returning, a normal pregnancy can occur later after treatment is completed.



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