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Causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs and how to diagnose it

Causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs and how to diagnose it

Causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs and how to diagnose it

Limb paralysis is one of the health problems that negatively affect the psychological and biological factors of the patient. What are the causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs?

The term paralysis refers to the loss of voluntary muscle movement, either permanently or temporarily, as a result of weakness or injury to the muscles, spine or nerves, as individuals may suffer from general paralysis or paresis that affects certain areas of the body, such as paralysis of limbs. 

The focus of the discussion in this article will be knowledge of the causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs, and the available treatment methods:

Causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs

Limb paralysis occurs as a result of unilateral paralysis; In which one limb is injured, or double palsy; Which either arms or legs together, or paraplegia ; Which affects half of the body areas, such as paralysis of one side of the arm and leg.

Or as a result of quadriplegia ; Which affects both arms and legs, or paralysis, which affects the lower parts and limbs. 

Complications of some medical conditions, caused by damage or weakness in the muscles or nerves, can cause temporary paralysis of the extremities or other parts of the body, and with the passage of time and therapeutic intervention, patients can regain complete or partial control of the affected muscles. 

The following is a list of the most prominent causes of temporary paralysis of the limbs:

  • Injury to the spine, spinal cord or nerves, as a result of fractures or sports injuries, or accidents, such as accidents that run over cars.
  • brain attack.
  • Polyneuropathy .
  • Myasthenia Gravis (Myasthenia gravis).
  • Myopathy is caused by the side effects of some medicines, such as steroids, and some cholesterol-lowering medicines such as statins.
  • sleep paralysis.
  • Syndrome Guillain - Barre (Guillain-Barré syndrome). 
  • Myopathy due to alcohol poisoning.
  • Lupus.
  • Dermatomyositis.
  • Hypokalemic periodic paralysis.
  • Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis.
  • Muscular dystrophy.
  • Todd's paralysis.
  • Degenerative spine diseases. 
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors.
  • Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
  • Botulism, also called botulism .
  • Infection with bacterial infections such as, Lyme disease , meningitis, and encephalitis.

Diagnosis of temporary limb paralysis

Diagnosis of paralysis of the limbs depends on several factors, which include the following: 

  • Clinical examination of the patient.
  • The attending physician obtains information about the patient's medical and family history.
  • Discussing other symptoms associated with paralysis with your doctor.
  • Conducting laboratory tests, which include the following:
    • Examination of blood chemistry .
    • Complete blood count (CBC).
    • WBC test.
    • Check muscle enzyme levels.
  • Conducting imaging tests, which include the following:
    • Myelography.
    • Computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of the brain or spine.
  • Other checks, such as the following:
    • Nerve or muscle biopsy.
    • Lumbar puncture ( lumbar puncture ).
    • ECG muscles (Electromyography).
    • Test nerve conduction (Nerve conduction studies).

Home care for patients with temporary paralysis

Some tips and instructions may prevent or reduce the occurrence of some severe complications resulting from muscle weakness or lack of movement, and these guidelines include the following: 

  • Ensure medical follow-up and always follow the prescribed treatment.
  • Persistent in some specific exercises for the patient's condition.
  • Make sure to change your sleeping or sitting position periodically, to avoid other complications, such as blood clots, bed sores , or muscle atrophy.
  • Take care of the skin and complexion.
  • A soft diet may facilitate swallowing or chewing in patients with damage to the nerves of the face or head.

 

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