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Causes, symptoms and ways to avoid miscarriage


Causes, symptoms and ways to avoid miscarriage


A miscarriage may occur in the first months of pregnancy as a result of uncontrollable external factors or as a result of certain behaviors that harm the fetus. Therefore, it is necessary to know the causes and symptoms of abortion in order to try to avoid it as much as possible .. Here is all you want to know:

What is a miscarriage?

A miscarriage is an event that results in the loss of a fetus, and it usually occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy.

A miscarriage can occur for a variety of medical reasons, many of which are beyond a pregnant woman's control.

In general, knowing the risk factors, signs and causes that may lead to a miscarriage, can help you better understand it and prevent it from happening.

Signs of a miscarriage

Symptoms of a miscarriage vary, depending on the stage of pregnancy.

In some cases, miscarriage occurs in the early stages, even before the woman realizes that she is pregnant, and the most prominent symptoms include:

  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Drainage of tissue or fluid from the vagina.
  • Severe abdominal pain or cramping.
  • Back pain (ranging from mild to severe).

If you experience such symptoms, go to the doctor immediately, as it is also possible for these symptoms to appear without experiencing a miscarriage.

Causes of miscarriage

There are many factors that may lead to a miscarriage, including:


It is possible that some errors occur in the chromosomes carrying the genes, which lead to the miscarriage of the fetus while it is still in the early stages of development, and problems of the placenta may also lead to a miscarriage.


Various health conditions and lifestyle habits may also interfere in a way that leads to a miscarriage of the fetus, including:

  • Malnutrition.
  • Drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Maternal age advances.
  • Thyroid disease.
  • Hormonal disruption.
  • Diabetes.
  • Infections.
  • Shock.
  • Obesity.
  • Problems with the cervix.
  • Severe increase in blood pressure.
  • Food poisoning.
  • some medicine.

While sexual intercourse, exercise, or work does not cause a miscarriage, unless the work involves exposure to harmful chemicals or radiation.

Distinguish between abortion and menstruation

Sometimes a miscarriage occurs before a woman realizes that she is pregnant, and the symptoms of a miscarriage may be similar to those of a menstrual cycle in this case.

There are several factors that help you distinguish between a miscarriage and a period:

Symptoms : The severity or exacerbation of back or abdominal pain, as well as the exit of blood clots, may indicate a miscarriage.

Time : If you notice bleeding later than your period, then this may be a sign of a miscarriage.

Duration of symptoms : Symptoms of miscarriage usually worsen and last longer than symptoms of PMS.


When do miscarriages occur?

According to Healthline, most miscarriages occur during the first trimester of pregnancy (the first 12 weeks).

This is why the first weeks of pregnancy are the most dangerous period for a miscarriage.

From the 13th to the 20th week of pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage is further reduced.

 However, it is important to keep in mind that the risk of miscarriage does not change much after that, as complications can arise at any time during pregnancy and subsequently lead to miscarriage.

And the risk of miscarriage increases with age, according to the Mayo Clinic

, The risk of miscarriage is 20% at the age of 35. It rises to 40% at the age of forty and then to 80% at the age of 45 years.

Also, miscarriage does not mean the inability to conceive children at a later time, as statistics indicate that approximately 87% of women who have miscarriage give birth naturally.

When does the risk of miscarriage increase?

There are some factors that increase the chances of having a miscarriage, and they include the following:

  • Exposure to physical trauma.
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals or radiation.
  • Take drugs.
  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Excessive caffeine consumption.
  • Smoking.
  • Having had two or more consecutive miscarriages.
  • Significant weight loss or gain.
  • Chronic diseases such as diabetes.
  • Problems with the womb or cervix.

Types of miscarriage


There are many different types of miscarriage, according to the symptoms experienced by the pregnant woman and the stage of pregnancy, when visiting a doctor, he will classify the case into one of the following:

Complete abortion : In this case, all pregnancy tissue is expelled from the body.

Incomplete miscarriage : some pregnancy tissue is still inside the body.

Miscarriage error : The fetus dies without the mother's knowledge and is not removed from the uterus.

Risk of miscarriage : Bleeding and cramps indicate a possible miscarriage.

Inevitable miscarriage : The presence of bleeding, cramping, and dilation of the cervix indicates that a miscarriage is inevitable.

Septic abortion : if an infection occurs inside the womb.

How can a miscarriage be avoided?

Not all miscarriages can be prevented, however steps can be taken to help maintain a healthy pregnancy. Here are some recommendations:

  • Get regular antenatal care throughout your pregnancy.
  • Avoid smoking during pregnancy.
  • Maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy.
  • Avoid infection, by taking care of personal hygiene and avoiding sick people.
  • Limit the amount of caffeine to no more than 200 milligrams per day.
  • Take prenatal vitamins to help ensure that you and your developing fetus get enough nutrients.
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.