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Everything related to body aches and pains during pregnancy

Everything related to body aches and pains during pregnancy

Everything related to body aches and pains during pregnancy

Contents of the article

  • Back pain
  • Convulsions during pregnancy
  • Dental pain and sensitivity
  • Headache and headache
  • Heartburn and indigestion
  • Leg muscle cramps
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pinched nerve
  • Swollen ankles and feet
  • Swelling and engorgement of the breasts
  • Varicose veins and hemorrhoids
  • When should I see a doctor: Abnormal pregnancy pains and pains

 

All pregnancies, even the easiest ones, are associated with some amount of body aches and distressing symptoms associated with pregnancy. Fortunately, some of these discomfort will disappear as your pregnancy progresses, while other pains and aches can be eased easily. Read on to learn more about the most common aches and inconveniences that may affect you during pregnancy, from back pain to varicose veins, and what you can do to make your life more comfortable and pain-free.

Back pain

The stress and strain placed on the muscles of your back as your baby gets older and weighs more slowly is one of the most common causes of back pain. Also, moving the center of gravity gradually to the front of your body may prompt you to try to maintain your balance by tilting the body backwards, which puts additional pressure on the back muscles and can lead to pain, stiffness and backaches. In addition, the abdominal muscles also stretch and weaken during pregnancy, so your back and spine do not get the support they need. Pregnancy hormones also contribute to pregnancy-related back pain as they relax the connective tissue that holds your bones in place, specifically the ligaments of the pelvic joints, in preparation for childbirth.

However, the good news is that you can take measures to reduce pain, such as making sure to stand up straight and in good posture, as well as sitting or moving in the correct manner. You can also:

  • Wearing low-heeled shoes with good arch support.
  • Buy a firm bed mattress to support your back.
  • Lift objects by bending the knees instead of bending forward.
  • Sleep on your side and place a pillow between your legs or under your stomach for extra support.

Regular exercise may not relieve the pain immediately, but strengthening the back muscles helps support your back and legs and relieves back pain in the long run. Talk to your health care professional about finding an exercise plan that works for you during pregnancy. For some ideas that might inspire you, check out our tips for exercising during pregnancy . And don't forget that once your baby is born, there will no longer be as much pressure on your back, and you'll often start to feel a lot better.

Convulsions during pregnancy

You may have cramps during pregnancy, whether in the final stages of pregnancy, when Braxton Hicks contractions begin to occur and as your body prepares for childbirth, or in the first month of pregnancy, during which you may experience mild contractions

After about two weeks of pregnancy, you may feel some mild cramps accompanied by slight bleeding as the fertilized egg implants in the lining of the uterus. This is known as implantation bleeding. You may also feel severe pain or cramps in the muscles and in the pelvic area, due to the stretching of the ligaments around the uterus. You can read more about round ligament pain here

At the end of the second trimester as well as in the third, you may feel false contractions, known as Braxton Hicks contractions , which can become stronger as the time of labor approaches. Braxton Hicks contractions usually stop upon walking or resting, but if they become closer and stronger, watch for any other signs of labor , and consult your healthcare professional if you are concerned. Braxton Hicks contractions can be a little painful, but they are completely normal, and you can think of them as just exercises in preparation for your expected appointment.

Dental pain and sensitivity

Around the second trimester of pregnancy, the gums may become more sensitive while flossing or brushing, and they may even bleed a little. Pregnancy sometimes affects the teeth, causing problems such as gestational gingivitis, which is a mild form of gum disease. You may also experience swollen and red gums, bleeding while brushing, and inflammation around the gums. You should also be aware of the possibility of developing gingivitis, which is an infection of the gums that damages the soft tissues and bones that support your teeth, as well as eroded teeth or cavities due to vomiting in the early stages of pregnancy.

Making sure to brush your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day is very important, even if your gums are sensitive or congested. And if you haven't seen a dentist in the past six months, or if you notice any problems, such as congestion or pain in the gums, make an appointment with your dentist. And you can reduce the size of the discomfort until the time to see the doctor by rinsing the mouth with salt water or using a softer toothbrush.

Headache and headache

As pregnancy hormone levels rise, estrogen and progesterone may affect headache-related chemicals in the brain. Although you may feel the need to take two pain relievers, you should discuss your options for safe headache relief with your health care professional. It is generally not recommended that you take aspirin during pregnancy, but your specialist may recommend acetaminophen (such as Tylenol or others) or another medication to help relieve headaches. You may prefer to try some of the following strategies for dealing with headaches and headaches:

  • Use cold compresses.
  • Try some relaxation techniques.
  • Avoid headache triggers, such as foods or odors that previously triggered migraines.
  • Get more sleep.
  • Get some light to moderate exercise.
  • Dealing with anxiety and stress triggers.
  • Eat regular, healthy meals.

Heartburn and indigestion

Pregnancy hormones, especially in the first and third trimesters, relax the valve between the esophagus and stomach, allowing stomach acid to leak back and forth and cause heartburn. Try to avoid lying down after eating, ideally for three hours, to help prevent heartburn. For this reason, it is best to eat dinner early in the evening rather than right before bed. And if you find that your heartburn continues at night, you can raise the head of your bed by placing a wedge under the mattress at the head position, as the pillows alone will not be sufficient as much.

You can also help prevent heartburn by avoiding some foods that may help it, such as fried or spicy foods, citrus fruits and chocolate, and you can prevent it by eating small but frequent meals.

Leg muscle cramps

Leg cramps are one of the most common body pain that affects pregnant women in the second trimester

However, you can help prevent leg cramps during pregnancy by doing a few muscle stretches and stretching exercises before bed, as well as by maintaining a physically active lifestyle and drinking plenty of fluids during the day. It also helps in this aspect to wear comfortable shoes with foot support. If you experience leg cramps when you wake up, extend and tighten the muscles by bending your foot up and then back, to reduce pain and discomfort. You can also take a warm bath or massage the muscles, and you will feel much better.

Lower abdominal pain

As the uterus increases in size during pregnancy, so will the ligaments that hold it in place. These are known as round ligaments, and they cause sharp, rapid pain as they expand that resembles a muscle spasm in the lower abdomen. Sometimes the pain may last longer with some pain, and it can occur on either side. There is nothing to worry about as it is just the kind of "growing pain" that you will feel as your child grows inside of you, and it means that your baby is getting bigger.

You can prevent and relieve this pain during pregnancy by moving more slowly than usual and not getting up too quickly from a bed or chair. Try to avoid sudden movements, and you may find that lightening the weight off the womb can help reduce pain and discomfort, so try taking a warm bath or a little dip in a pool. You can also use a maternity belt or abdominal support clothing.

Pinched nerve

The weight gain that occurs in the body as your child grows, along with water retention, may cause swelling of nerve pathways and thus put pressure on your nerves. This may lead to what is known as a pinched nerve, which occurs when surrounding tissues, such as bones, tendons, muscles and cartilage, compress a nerve. A pinched nerve can occur in different parts of your body and feel different each time, depending on the location. For example, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when a nerve in your wrist is pinched, causing a feeling of numbness in your hands and fingers, while the nerve around the spine, as in the case of a herniated disk, is compressed, causing you to feel sharp pain. There aren't many solutions you can do about this other than take a break. Talk to a health care professional if the pain persists.

Swollen ankles and feet

Swelling in the feet and ankles is common during the last months of pregnancy. The reason for this is that your body retains more fluid, and your growing uterus puts pressure on the veins, which forces fluids to leave the blood and move to the surrounding tissues, which causes swelling. With the addition of pregnancy hormones to the mix of influencing factors, swelling in the feet and ankles becomes an expected occurrence. This swelling will disappear after childbirth, but you can reduce it and get more relief if you do the following:

  • Reducing pressure on your feet by reducing periods of standing, and raising the legs whenever possible.
  • Sleeping on your left side to relieve pressure on the large vein that returns blood to the heart.
  • Wearing compression stockings.
  • Ensure daily activity and exercise.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing.
  • Put your feet in cold water.
  • Standing or walking in the pool to help compress the tissues in the legs.

Swelling and engorgement of the breasts

Hormonal changes in the first trimester may make your breasts sensitive, swollen, and sore. Fortunately, this discomfort will often subside after a few weeks, once your body has adapted to the increased pregnancy hormones.

Varicose veins and hemorrhoids

Some women develop varicose veins during pregnancy. The total blood volume increases during pregnancy, while the blood flow from your legs to the pelvic area decreases, which puts pressure on your veins. Progesterone also makes the veins open or wider, which also contributes to varicose veins.

Varicose veins may also appear in the vulvar area becoming painful or swollen, or around the anus and lower rectum, often known as hemorrhoids. Although you cannot control your hormones or blood circulation during pregnancy, you can reduce the effects of varicose veins if you follow the following tips:

  • Sit up and raise your feet as often as possible.
  • Constantly changing positions while standing.
  • Pay attention to your weight during pregnancy - you can read more about healthy pregnancy weight gain here
  • Wear support stockings that don't restrict knee movement or are tight on the thigh.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, and add fiber to your diet to avoid the occurrence of hemorrhoids.

When should I see a doctor: Abnormal pregnancy pains and pains

Many of the body aches and pains that you feel during pregnancy are completely normal, but there are some symptoms that could indicate a more serious condition. For example, if you experience upper abdominal pain or shoulder pain and are associated with a headache, it is advisable to go to see your doctor to make sure that this is not caused by preeclampsia . Or, if you have severe pain in the abdomen or pelvis in the first trimester of pregnancy accompanied by vaginal bleeding, it may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy . If you are in doubt, consult your doctor for additional advice.

You may experience some aches and pains at some point during pregnancy and maybe even more than once, and they are usually completely normal and disappear once your baby is born. Pregnancy is only the first step in your enjoyable journey with your little one, during which you will experience happy times as well as some challenges, but in the end it is worth all the effort.

 

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