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What is physical therapy?


What is physical therapy?

What is physical therapy?

Physiotherapy is a medical profession and one of the important branches of medicine that provides services to individuals in order to develop, maintain and restore mobility to the maximum extent and functional capacity in all stages of life. This includes providing services in circumstances where the movement is threatened by aging , injury, disease or environmental factors.

Physical therapy is concerned with identifying and improving the quality of life and mobility within the fields of prevention, treatment, habilitation and rehabilitation. Physiotherapy involves the interaction between physiotherapists, patients, other health professionals, families, caregivers and communities in a process whereby mobility and agreed goals are assessed, using the unique knowledge and skills of a physiotherapist and a physiotherapist practiced by a specialist physiotherapist. 

  • Physiotherapist job
  • Where do physiotherapists work? 
  • The need for physical therapy
  • Examples of the most common diseases that are included in the treatment of physiotherapy
  • Sections of Faculties of Physiotherapy 

Physiotherapist job

The physiotherapist uses the individual's history and physical examination to arrive at a diagnosis and create a treatment plan, and when necessary, results from laboratory and imaging studies are included. An electrical test (such as electromyography and nerve conduction velocity testing) can also be used, and physical therapy has many specialties, including cardiology, geriatrics, neurology, orthopedics, and pediatrics.

The physical therapy is one of the medical specialties, and knew early as the diagnosis and treatment of disability and disease by natural means, and there is a modern definition taken from Dr. Thelma Holmes Associate Professor of Curriculum for Physical Therapy at the University of Florida , which is : that physical therapy is the art and science contributes to the development of health and prevent the disease from Through the understanding of body movement, it works to correct and mitigate the effects of disease and injury, and the methods include evaluation and treatment of patients, management and supervision of medical treatment services and its personnel, consultation of other health systems, preparation of records and reports, participation in community planning, projects and future plans, and evaluation of educational programs.

Where do physiotherapists work

Physiotherapists work in many places, such as outpatient or office clinics, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, extended care facilities, private homes, education, research centers, schools, nursing homes, industrial workplaces, or other professional settings, and to provide A physiotherapist full-service and scientifically sound care for patients, he must work on foundations and a strong level of understanding with doctors, occupational therapists and social service.

From another perspective, we can simply say that natural therapy is a safe method that God Almighty mocked for doctors because they use all the natural means that God Almighty used to serve the patient, to help him restore his normal functions without using any medical drugs that his health condition has deteriorated, and because any medicine is important It had undesirable side effects that negatively affect other functions in the human body and lead to complications.

But many people mistakenly believe that physical therapy is only massage and exercises, and this is only a small part within the science of physical therapy, and this statement is completely incorrect, as educational qualifications differ greatly in different countries.

The need for physical therapy

The need for physical therapy is steadily increasing in the various fields of health, and it depends a lot on what can be provided by qualified workers in this field, and many factors, including the following:

  • Rapid progress in medical knowledge and in the application of physical therapy in preventing and treating an increasing and varied condition.
  • Increased knowledge of chronic disease problems and physical and mental disabilities, which resulted in a rapid expansion of health care programs, including rehabilitation for all age groups.
  • Developing physiotherapy programs at the local and international level in health departments as a result of modernizing health care systems around the world.
  • Increased awareness and understanding that caring for chronic patients requires specific and specialized methods that take into account the psychological, social, educational and professional aspects of the medical condition.
  • Increasing the needs of educational programs and their request for counseling and educational services for therapists.
  • Integrated patient awareness that there is an alternative to medical drugs that contain chemicals , which cause completely unwanted side effects, as they affect the functions of other organs, as we are now seeing the whole world’s tendency to use natural means in treatment before going into any operations Surgical or even the use of any chemical medicine, if physiotherapy is an integral part of the health and medical care program, and it plays a vital role in maintaining the health of the individual and society, and physiotherapists contribute through their professional activities in preventing and correcting impotence and severe disabilities, and in public health. Physiotherapists perform duties that include planning, organizing, evaluating, clarifying, coordinating and implementing physiotherapy programs, consulting and advising workers in other professions and organizations, contributing to the development of the social concept of health studies and carrying out these studies for the community.

Physical therapy can be provided for many cases depending on the patient's needs, and what the medical team decides, including:

  • Diseases and injuries of the muscular system: such as muscle atrophy, muscle spasms, and muscle weakness. 
  • Diseases and injuries of the bone system: such as spinal sprain, fracture injuries, orthopedic surgeries, and cruciate ligament surgeries. 
  • Nervous system diseases and injuries: such as paralysis of all kinds, nerve inflammation , disc problems, and spinal injuries. 
  • Abdominal and cardiac diseases: such as circulatory disorders, high blood pressure , angina pectoris, and after open heart operations. 
  • Respiratory diseases: such as  asthma , bronchitis, and alveolitis. 
  • Joint diseases: such as rheumatism, articular cartilage erosion, joint stiffness, spinal stiffness, and arthritis. 
  • Urinary and reproductive system diseases: such as enuresis resulting from muscle weakness, and prostatitis .
  • Skin diseases and injuries: such as burns, wounds, psoriasis , and some skin disorders resulting from bacterial infections.

Scientific progress and the tremendous development in computer technology has led to the emergence of many modern therapeutic techniques such as lasers and others, which studies have proven effective in treating many diseases and injuries, and there are still many other technologies that are still being researched and studied, and in light of this rapid progress, Research findings show further development in therapeutic approaches for diseases and ailments that have not been cured.

Sections of Faculties of Physiotherapy 

The Faculties of Physiotherapy include the following departments:

  • Department of Basic Medical Sciences , in which subjects are taught (anatomy, physiology, radiology, bone, nerves, histology, obstetrics and gynecology, diseases, medicines, biochemistry, public health, biophysics, physiology, electrical diagnostics, psychology, biomechanics. ).
  • Department of Physiotherapy of Neurosurgery and their theories.
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Geriatric Physiotherapy, Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery, Thoracic Diseases, and Intensive Care.
  • Department of Physiotherapy for Orthopedic Diseases and Surgeries and their theories of injuries, fractures and medical splints.
  • Physiotherapy department for pediatric diseases and surgeries, growth retardation and disabilities.
  • Membranes department for the theories of dermatology, burns, chronic wounds, and plastic surgery .
  • Department of Women's Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • Department of Biomechanics to study motion analysis with scales and tests.